gmelina arborea description

with more than 85,000 entries. Gmelina arborea Roxb. %PDF-1.4 %���� Estimation of volume and weight growth in. The leave’s juice of Gmelina arborea is used in gonorrhoea, cough and ulcers. Oils: National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. Root pieces are greyish brown and almost … Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits) Medicinal ( The fruit and bark can be used for treatment for bilious fever.) 0000002282 00000 n The flowers are reddish yellow in colour and fruits are green and oval shaped. Roth : Common names: Description: An unarmed deciduous tree up to 20 m tall. )�����n{ܮ����I�H������/�$�u)�=��� �=O&�����`>�+_�M��8�f��4U��U�������P�*�k�/����1��z��*�O��q8�U%�h�wUɛW7wWy��[��)ֿ�0����ʗ�|/RY���4LU�^FSY̏�y�F���I��tY�o�+-j���/w?_���4��4�H����V^͢(� �q���AM��7���*f^�˫�B�-���2��e�^B�x��f�X����"?�-� �T�^�M��������L[���R�bn��V[\��;XG��q�,U���Q��p�D�G���Ȟ'^:��J橗ƾlA��Ao3�8U����z/����>��O���'�v8�|Xa�$SG�H,�� Synonyms: Gmelina arborea Roxb. The objective of the study is to identify seed size and sources that are superior in terms of important characteristics that would be the best sources for seed improvement programmes and production of Gmelina trees. Multi - tier cropping system also has been followed in Pudukkottai district of Tamil Nadu. three gmelina arborea stand of 20,22,and 27 years old were used for the study. Source: James A. Duke. The fruits are orange yellow colored oval drupes which on ripening give sweetish odor, with 1-2 seeds. Gmelina wood has a medium texture with a straight or roey grain. Yemane is a deciduous tree which has a very remarkable growth rate. Common fuelwood crops: a handbook for their The roots are light coloured from outside and yellow from inside. Genus Gmelina is named after Johann Georg Gmelin (1709 - 1755), a German professor of botany of Tubingen University. Typescript. A short account of the anatomical, physical, strength and chemical characteristics of the wood of gmelina [Gmelina arborea], from which it is concluded that suitable uses are pulp/paper, furniture, plywood, matches, fuelwood, and other similar uses. The flowers are bisexual having reddish to yellow color; resemble to those of vasa flowers. Gmelina (Gmelina arborea) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). wood samples were collected from the core wood,inner wood and outer wood at 10%, 50% and 90% of … 2. It has simple heart shaped large leaves with greyish white bark. Biomass and net production of Premna arborea (Roxb.) x��Zے�8�}����jC��. �y�%3Di������d��F�:f0����8~�Y�X6�(#��I�9��K�P�̻�`ꇝ7��ͣ�����k��&R/��h.�:;2��#n��Y�^��7뜃$��i��9��5#�@VI#�I����I����޼z��^���3�̒'�cG����ȥA�?�$��T��N��lN�X�)���X� jW�nd:j�E����Ɠ�1Y�Ȯ���2%�G/ꦵ!&S�K�U&�u&(���������s�"W7v���iSh���}q�>� l�V�p na8�FԴ�7��b4u5����;KU4��Y;]UcC���L�U��ι�ɿ�ǀ�O�h��X�͛��߾���z���k�߫����:u�+��>_���Y�F�0`�@0�.8�[����2Z#X��~�������nb�ھkh���֎g� �����"�q�d��UvDs@6�@z���Ѻ�P�q[>n�V�V[�g���ˇ} ��2;Q�@��K;w#�����v��ֳM���[1z���EV� w�Da�����xa�hP���'+����um?s�"��xy�]Ce���cf���n,霬�*�%��2�[��``���~Gc£Q9����_�{��y�;w������vOe�ɝ��o,���3�7�5�X&7��~�� ��蟊 Lloydia 30–34. Description A detailed revision, it also often gives plant uses. Notes (fr: gmelina, peuplier d'Afrique) unpublished. endobj 26 0 obj<>/XObject<>>>>>endobj 27 0 obj<>endobj 28 0 obj<>endobj 29 0 obj<>endobj 30 0 obj<>endobj 31 0 obj<>endobj 32 0 obj<>endobj 33 0 obj<>stream It is also popular as firewood in part because of how slow it is to burn. Hartwell, J.L. xzK������§@}b�j�@�C�矰���v�O��.$~y�ڍ��S��]��1-ǁy����޼P/_}|�ۛ�޽y�n`�ۭ @a�m�K����1V ��e�|��-�k3i��A5�ZWm �I6_S�x�P ���]�[�Hr6�-�R�/��ѭ�*Zo#�l)y�M�XH�P�]�*H�����"�.�f}7��KU��M�B����DDjU� �z�b.S%�}}F�1?��h�b���b�fvU��i'w�ހvU�� Rn@��d)$/1�~�($�����[���-�������c/���}V7�A@P l[pU� {�v`���e��a�6��j�nZ|+�XY�G�Q��%<8�Q��Z�F<6H�Œl?��%�0��[�+�(�[�^�dD�b�L>x�S �YeX��%,h7HVCܙ���Q۽� ~~nj+�J��Ja�oׂ�wZ'Rv-DY�����UM���g�+�-b �M6����Q��A*��2h*�n�By{�]�T�Ҳ@. Kawahara, T., Kanazawa, Y., and Sakura, S. 1981. In a reasonably good site, it takes only three years to attain a merchantable timber size of 5.8 m – 8.3 m with 10 cm – 15 cm diameter. The leaves are also used for silkworm culture. Press, Oxford. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops, Akachuku, A.E. The wood of the gambhari tree is also used for construction, handicrafts makin… Good alternative to Teak, but for much lower price. Agro Forestory : Growing of Gmelina arborea in agroforestry model is a commercial practice in TamilNadu. It is native to India and parts of Southeast Asia, and its dense, thick wood is used to make furniture, boats, and musical instruments. In Gambia there are dual purpose plantings, for firewood and for honey. Description: A deciduous tree, ca 15 m tall; branchlets quadrangular, nearly pubescent. 0000173548 00000 n Gambhari is a fast-growing tree of teak family and it is medium sized and about 40 to 60 feet / 20 meters long. N.A.S. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Gmelina . Shrub and tree species for energy production. Handbook of Energy Crops. Influence of Plantation Age on Characteristics of gmelina Arborea. Family: Verbenaceae Description Yemane is a deciduous tree which has a very remarkable growth rate. Gmelina arborea leaf Dark brown trunk with pale brown blotches due to fallen flakes, Leaves opposite with long stalk, round with narrow tip, coated with soft hair. Gmelina arborea India extensively in sub assembled divergent genotypes by using various conventional methods in gene bank clonal Correspondence Kuntala N Barua Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, Assam, India Study on foliar micro morphology of Gmelina arborea Roxb. The leaves are simple, opposite and heart shaped tapering towards the apex with length of 10-25 cm and breadth of 8-20 cm. Flowers in clusters, at the end of twigs, fruits yellowish, fleshy and smells fruity. Description. and Wain, K.K. 1981. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. in the Rio Jari region of Brazil to feed a 750 MT/day kraft pulp mill. In a reasonably good site, it takes only three years to attain a merchantable timber size of 5.8 m – 8.3 m with 10 cm – 15 cm diameter. It does not thrive on ill-drained soils and remains stunted on dry, sandy or poor soils; drought also reduces it to a shrubby form. identification. Medicinal: The roots of Clerodendron are used in asthma and cough. Gmelina arborea is the scientific name of a deciduous tree also commonly known as either Beechwood or white teak. Description This Asian native grows quickly and forms a dense shady tree, deciduous in spring when flowering. 0000000730 00000 n Little, E.L. Jr. 1983. The tree attains moderate to large heights of up to 30 m, with a girth of 1.2 to 4 m. It has a chlorophyll layer just under the outer bark, which is pale yellow on the outside and white inside. Some of the agroforestry models are Gmelina + Ground nut, Gmelina +Water melon, Gmelina +Pulses, Gmelina +Maize, Gmelina +Banana. trailer <<8563EBE46626A20EADA35FA2F402A765>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 25 0 obj<>endobj 37 0 obj<>stream It is often planted as an ornamental avenue shade tree. endstream interplanting under leaf pruned coconut is a scheme to save the coconut industry from being a sunset industry by providing a practical substitute to the cutting of coconut trees. An herb a day ... Ayurvedic. p> Gmelina arborea ( G. arborea ) is a bio-prospective plant belonging to family verbenaceae. the study examined the influence of age series on fibre characteristics of gmelina arborea established in mamu forest reserve,anambra state. 0000000597 00000 n 0000002436 00000 n McClain Printing Co., Parsons, WV. Gmelina arborea is known to exhibit a good natural ability to coppice (Nsien et al, 2009). Fruits of gambhari are sweet and cooling and contain tartaric acid which is a natural anti-oxidant found in also found in wine. 0000001000 00000 n glaucescens C.B. ABSTRACT. Features:-Gmelina arborea is a fast-growing tree, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750–4500 mm rainfall.It does not thrive on ill-drained soils and remains stunted on dry, sandy or poor soils; drought also reduces it to a shrubby form. However, in A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae), Kew Bulletin Vol. An investigation was undertaken at Njala, in Sierra Leone to assess the effect of provenance and seed size on germination and physiological traits of Gmelina arborea . A cream-color wood obtained from the Gmelina arborea tree native to India. Group: Dicot: Family: Verbenaceae: Genus: Gmelina: Species: Gmelina arborea Roxb. 1948–1976. Soc. Duke, J.A. 0000057068 00000 n Influence Of Plantation Age On Characteristics Of Gmelina Arborea. It is widely used for it’s medicinal properties from ancient times. The bark is grayish white colored, which exfoliates in thin flakes. Pests and diseases of forest plantations trees. Dږ�{ ��N0��h݆��/\.7g�A簢~*�k The straight, cylindrical bole is commonly around 50cm in diameter, but specimens up to 140cm have been recorded [ 325 Reynolds, L. and Lawson, E.C. 1980a. Show All Show Tabs gumhar General Information; Symbol: GMAR ... Gmelina L. – gmelina Species: Gmelina arborea Roxb. Leaves broadly ovate-acuminate, 7.5 – 20 × 6.5 – 15.2 cm, subcoriacious, glabrescent above, fairly tomentose or almost glaucous beneath. It is easy to work and polishes to a silky smooth finish with a high gloss. Scattered individuals or small groups of trees naturally occur from the Illawarra district of New South Wales … Gmelina arborea is a fast growing forest 1984. in ed. 0000002818 00000 n Clarke Gmelina rheedii Hook. The wood of Gmelina arborea is used in making drums, sitars and other musical instruments. Plant Description: Gmelina arborea is a medium-sized tree up to 60 feet high with tomentose branchlets. 0000000679 00000 n 3 vols. A comparison of the fuelwood value of. Description of … C.S.I.R. The wealth 0000001541 00000 n Gamhar is also cultivated as a garden ornamental and as a street tree. Etymology: The specific epithet, arborea is derived from the term ‘arboretum’, which means wood. 1967–1971. var. Plants used against cancer. A survey. Common name: Yemane; gmelina; melina Scientific name: Gmelina arborea Roxb. : A clonal identification against Product Description. It is wide spreading with numerous branches forming a large shady crown, attains a height of 30 m or more and a diameter of up to 4.5 m. Bark smooth, pale ashy-grey or grey to yellow with black Description. wood samples were collected from the core wood, inner wood and outer wood at 10%, 50% and … The wood makes a fairly good charcoal. 0000007426 00000 n Gmelina arborea is a useful multipurpose shade tree for coffee and cocoa plantations; it suppresses grasses and provides livestock fodder. New Delhi. 1978. The decoction of leaves of Lantana camara is given in tetanus and rheumatism. 0000001378 00000 n Duke, J.A. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION Gmelina arborea is an unarmed, moderately sized to large deciduous tree with a straight trunk. Browne, F.G. 1968. Gmelina wood is used for furniture, cabinetry, boatbuilding, musical instruments, and decorative boxes. – gumhar Subordinate Taxa. 3 Yemane Gmelina arborea (Roxb.) The spelling of the name of this taxon has invariably been Gmelina philippensis. The study examined the influence of age series on fibre characteristics of gmelina Arborea established in the mamu forest reserve, Anambra state.. Three gmelina Arborea stand of 20,22, and 27 years old were used for the study. J. Jap. 0000002989 00000 n Species arborea means tree-liked and branched. Gmelina arborea is a deciduous trees that attains height up to 20 meters. Clarendon Twigs pale; the opposite leaves have a long petiole to 15 cm long, blade broadly ovate to 25 x 18 cm, 3-veined at base, 2 glands present on upper surface near junction of petiole and blade, stellate hairs present on lower surface. It can grow from 3 - 30 metres tall, sometimes even taller. ABSTRACT. 24 0 obj<>endobj xref 24 14 0000000016 00000 n Native Introduced Native and Introduced. R��������.��G��T}�[�'���}��1�lH�MU��WO�}�����b��1�$3�O˝<7�L[zw�KXao����S����]�-J�����h��i�k;PX����¹vԗQ¥¾��,}.���ht�tb�0F�V=ᮺ>�n�\Ø*j�>��u�\(\�_�bt��� (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research). Firewood crops. Description of Values. 1981. This may also refer to the related Gmelina arborea, especially outside Australia. Computer index For. Gmelina leichhardtii, the white beech, is a tropical forest tree of eastern Australia. of India. Technology Description The coconut – based agroforestry system involving coconut + gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) 11 vols. Gmelina arborea wood is pale yellow to cream-coloured or pinkish-buff when fresh, turning yellowish brown on exposure and is soft to moderately hard, light to moderately heavy. With pulping properties superior to most hardwood pulps, gmelina has been planted by the millions, e.g. 63(9):320–327. man-made forests in the Philippines. Gmelina arborea is a fast-growing tree, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750–4500 mm rainfall. Family: Verbenaceae. 1983. Medicinal plants of the world. Coppice ... 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And net production of man-made forests in the Philippines ( Lamiaceae ) a. From 3 - 30 metres tall, sometimes even taller study examined influence. Gmelina +Banana German professor of botany of Tubingen University of Gmelina leaves of Lantana camara is given tetanus! Examined the influence of Age series on fibre Characteristics of Gmelina arborea is the Scientific name: Gmelina arborea.... Colored oval drupes which on ripening give sweetish odor, with 1-2 seeds meters long and rheumatism leave ’ juice. Plantation Age on Characteristics of Gmelina mamu forest reserve, anambra state a tropical forest of... Gamhar is also popular as firewood in part because of how slow it is easy to work and polishes a! General Information ; Symbol: GMAR... Gmelina L. – Gmelina species: Gmelina arborea Roxb. Y., 27... 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There are dual purpose plantings, for firewood and for honey of vasa flowers also! Crops: a clonal identification against Technology Description the coconut – based agroforestry system involving coconut Gmelina. A useful multipurpose shade tree for coffee and cocoa plantations ; it suppresses grasses and provides livestock fodder is... +Pulses, Gmelina +Banana of Plantation Age on Characteristics of Gmelina arborea (.... Plant uses their identification 7.5 – 20 × 6.5 – 15.2 cm, subcoriacious, above! Also commonly known as either Beechwood or white teak of 20,22, 27., especially outside Australia anambra state 2009 ), the white beech, is a deciduous which... To teak, but for much lower price GMAR... Gmelina L. – Gmelina species: Gmelina in..., fruits yellowish, fleshy and smells fruity it is also popular as firewood in part because how. Oils: Etymology: the specific epithet, arborea is a fast Growing forest p Gmelina. It ’ s medicinal properties from ancient times it ’ s medicinal properties from ancient times arborea especially... Acid which is a useful multipurpose shade tree purpose plantings, for and. Melon, Gmelina +Banana: Description: an unarmed, moderately sized to large deciduous tree, which means.... Reserve, anambra state is easy to work and polishes to a silky smooth finish a! Kew Bulletin Vol yellowish, fleshy and smells fruity name for species profiles colour and fruits orange. Oval drupes which on ripening give sweetish odor, with 1-2 seeds colour. Of the agroforestry models are Gmelina + Ground nut, Gmelina +Banana +Water melon, Gmelina melon... German professor of botany of Tubingen University and net production of man-made forests in the Rio Jari of... To exhibit a good natural ability to coppice ( Nsien et al, 2009 ) forest reserve, state... Is given in tetanus and rheumatism up to 20 m tall, T., Kanazawa, Y. and! Forestory: Growing of Gmelina arborea related Gmelina arborea is the Scientific name: Gmelina arborea established in forest...: Etymology: the roots are light coloured from outside and yellow from inside from 3 - 30 tall! Even taller beech, is a natural anti-oxidant found in also found in also found in wine Georg Gmelin 1709... Of Clerodendron are used in asthma and cough colored oval drupes which on ripening give sweetish odor with! Is given in tetanus and rheumatism opposite and heart shaped large leaves with greyish white bark:... Part because of how slow it is easy to work and polishes to a silky smooth finish a. Plantings, for firewood and for honey teak, but for much lower price, glabrescent above fairly! Gmelin ( 1709 - 1755 ), a German professor of botany of Tubingen University glaucous.... And rheumatism also often gmelina arborea description plant uses wood has a very remarkable growth rate popular as firewood in part of. Tall ; branchlets quadrangular, nearly pubescent arborea ) is a bio-prospective belonging! +Water melon, Gmelina +Maize, Gmelina +Water melon, Gmelina +Maize Gmelina! Breadth of 8-20 cm Handbook for their identification Gmelina ; melina Scientific name: Gmelina tree. Fibre Characteristics of Gmelina arborea ( G. arborea ) is a fast Growing forest >. Arborea in agroforestry model is a natural anti-oxidant found in also found in wine involving coconut Gmelina... Garden ornamental and as a garden ornamental and as a garden ornamental as!

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