linear function example

Some of the applications of linear system are: To find electricity consumed on day 1,2,3… Every day, the average amount of electricity will be consumed. The slope of a linear function. If I were to keep plotting points, they would continue to line up. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Cubic Function: Definition, Formula & Examples, Applying Systems of Linear Equations to Market Equilibrium: Steps & Example, What is a Radical Function? A baseball team plays in a stadium that holds 55,000 spectators. (a) Find a linear equation that relates the cost C of renting a truck to the number n of miles drive. Jessie cleans houses for a living and charges $20 for an appointment plus $5 per room to be cleaned. This can be a little tricky, but hopefully when you After 4 months, the rabbits have doubled four times, so we have 2*(2*2*2*2) = 32 rabbits. Sketch the graph of f by hand and use your sketch to find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f. Enter your answers as a comma-separated list. How do you know? the graph for a linear function. You can use algebra and calculate your answers or you can graph the function and use the graph to get your answer. Remember that "f(x)" is If f(x) = x^3, evaluate the difference quotient \frac{f(9 + h) - f(9) }{h} and simplify your answer. A linear equation can help you figure it out! The only thing Study Linear Functions in Calculus with concepts, examples, videos and solutions. Look at the graph above for the function y = 2x. Did you know… We have over 220 college Remember that in this particular A quadratic function is one of the form y = ax2 + bx + c. Click here for more information on our Algebra Class e-courses. Now, that I've filled up my T-chart, I can go ahead and plot them. First, we fill up a T-chart. The slope of a line is a number that describes steepnessand direction of the line. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Any kind of a curve disqualifies the function. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? (a) Express the monthly. imaginable degree, area of Negative Rate of Change, What is a Function in Math? Ok, that was pretty easy, right? to graph two points on a grid. Otherwise, the process is the same. They cannot be squared, cubed, or anything else. The line could be going up and down, left and right, or slanted but the line is always straight. 1. Anyone can earn (a) q as a linear function of p. (b) p as a linear function of q. q (order size, gross), Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, The first item the function must satisfy is that it must have either one or two real variables. 11 chapters | Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Supervisors, The Effects of Sexual Harassment on Employees, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Employees, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Linear functions are very much like linear equations, the only difference is you are using function notation "f (x)" instead of "y". succeed. To write an equation for the function, we know that the total cost is the number of cups of coffee multiplied by $2.00. Once I draw the line, it would cover all the points. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. They can have a maximum of two variables, where all of the variables are in the numerator and none have exponents or powers. y = 2x + 5 with a = 2 and b = 5, y = -3x + 2 with a = -3 and b = 2, and y = 4x + - 1 with a = 4 and b = … The population of a family of rabbits starts with 2 rabbits and doubles every month. Log in here for access. Let's see what we get. The equation for a linear function is: y = mx + b, Where: m = the slope , x = the input variable (the “x” always has an exponent of 1, so these functions are always first degree polynomial.). Examples of linear functions: f(x) = x, We are going to use this same skill when working with functions. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. With ticket prices at $10, the average attendance had been 27,000. Plotting the points on a graph, using x for the number of cups and y for the total cost in dollars, we have: Students should recognize the graph as a linear function since the points line up in a straight line. Pack-Em-In has another development in the works. For example, y = 2x + 3 is a linear function. You can graph a linear function with just two points and you can use the resulting graph to gather answers or solutions to different points. So we have y = 20 + 5x where x is the number of rooms and y is the total cost in dollars. And look what kind of line it is; it is a straight line! An error occurred trying to load this video. study Plot points representing the total cost if you buy 1, 2, 3, or 4 cups of coffee. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Study.com has thousands of articles about every What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? 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Lynn found that in May it cost her $370 to drive 300 mi and in June it cost her $462 to drive 760 mi. An example is: y =2 x –1. f(x) =, A company's pricing schedule in the table below is designed to encourage large orders. Solution: From the function, we see that f (0) = 6 (or b = 6) and thus the y-intercept is (0, 6). Linear Functions. Real life examples are: Finding current consumed on day 1,2,3… Every day, an average amount of current will be consumed. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Function Description The Excel Forecast.Linear function predicts a future point on a linear trend line fitted to a supplied set of x- and y- values. In higher mathematics, a … Plug the values into the function to calculate the other variable and note it on the T-chart. If you studied the writing equations unit, you learned how to write equations given two points and given slope and a point. To figure out your points to plot them, set up a T-chart and start plugging in values for one of the variables. For example, the function C = 2 * pi * r is a linear function because only the C and r are real variables, with the pi being a constant. What this means mathematically is that the function has either one or two variables with no exponents or powers. Then, take a ruler and make a straight line through them. Access FREE Linear Functions Interactive Worksheets! function notation. Linear Functions Problems with Solutions. After 1 month, the rabbits have doubled once, so we have 2*2 = 4 rabbits. If 1 cup of coffee is purchased, the total cost is $2.00. For example, if one company offers to pay you $450 per week and the other offers $10 per hour, and both ask you to work 40 hours per week, which company is offering the better rate of pay? in a different format. - Definition, Equations & Graphs, Absolute Value Function: Definition & Examples, Slope-Intercept Form: Definition & Examples, Representations of Functions: Function Tables, Graphs & Equations, Rate of Change vs. If variable x is a constant x=c, that will represent a line paralel to y-axis. Linear functions often arise as models for real world situations. Example 1: Let’s draw a graph for the following function: F(2) = -4 and f(5) = -3. Calculate the average between 0 and 2. Keep going, you are doing great! Select a subject to preview related courses: Do you see how nicely they line up? In y = ax + b, x is called independent variable and y is called dependent variable. It doesn't matter where on the graph the function is plotted as long as the line comes out straight. Register for our FREE Pre-Algebra Refresher course. Plot points representing the total population of the rabbit family after 1, 2, 3 and 4 months. What is a Trend Line in Math? Linear function interactive app (explanation below): Here we have an application that let's you change the slope and y-intercept for a line on the (x, y) plane. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Kathryn earned her Ph.D. in Mathematics from UW-Milwaukee in 2019. Does the graph represent a linear function? Get access to hundreds of video examples and practice problems with your subscription! When you are finished, you should be able to, To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. After each click the graph will be redrawn and the equation for the line will be redisplayed using the new values. All variables must be in the numerator. In this article we are going to see what a linear function is, its mathematical expression, its characteristics, how to graph it in the Cartesian plane and what it can be useful for in the development of videogames with examples in Unity. Click here for more information on our affordable subscription options. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The familiar equation y = mx + b is usually called linear, but should more correctly be called affine (Boyd, 2007). The equation, written in this way, is called the slope-intercept form. If it is a linear function, write an equation representing the situation. b = where the line intersects the y-axis. Linear functions are easy to spot because they all have to graph into a straight line. We are going to 's' : ''}}. In this lesson, you will learn the key identifying mark of linear functions. The steepness of a hill is called a slope. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. | 8 You change these values by clicking on the '+' and '-' buttons. function lesson, you really aren't learning any new material. Diary of an OCW Music Student, Week 4: Circular Pitch Systems and the Triad, Education Writer: Job Description & Career Info, Plans for a Common Core Standards Open Resource, How to Become a Pediatric Physician Assistant, Industrial Production Manager: Job & Career Info, Become a Song Writer: Step-by-Step Career Guide, Online Electrical Maintenance Degree Program Information, Associate of Applied Science AAS Computer Network Administration Degree Overview, Online Degrees for Building Inspectors Program Information, What is a Linear Function? Linear Function Word Problems Exercise 1Three pounds of squid can be purchased at the market for $18. f(x)=b. 2. - Definition & Examples, NY Regents Exam - Geometry: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical So +1 is also needed; And so: y = 2x + 1; Here are some example values: The only thing different is the function notation. In fact, every linear function is affine.. That’s because the translation (the + b) might be the identity function (one that maps the function to itself). Determine the equation and represent the function that defines the cost of squid based on weight. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. You can test out of the If 4 cups are purchased, the total cost is 4*$2.00 = $8.00. really just a fancy notation for what is really the "y" variable. C (x) is a cost function. Amy has a master's degree in secondary education and has taught math at a public charter high school. It is the value of the dependent variable y or, in other words, f(x) when x = 0. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. equations given two points and given slope and a point. The total cost of renting a truck and friving 100 mi;es $65. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? How do you know? In basic mathematics, a linear function is a function whose graph is a straight line in 2-dimensions (see images). To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Notice it is a polynomial with highest exponent equal to 1. Plotting the points on a graph, using x for the number of rooms and y for the total cost in dollars, we have: To write an equation for the function, we know that the total cost is $20 plus the number of rooms multiplied by $5. Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? - Definition, Equation & Analysis, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Inductive & Deductive Reasoning in Geometry: Definition & Uses, Thales & Pythagoras: Early Contributions to Geometry, Euclid's Axiomatic Geometry: Developments & Postulates, Undefined Terms of Geometry: Concepts & Significance, Properties and Postulates of Geometric Figures, Perpendicular Lines: Definition & Examples, What is a Line Plot in Math? If two points in time and the total distance traveled is known the rate of change, also known as slope, can be determined. send us a message to give us more detail! We will continue studying linear functions in the next lesson, as we have a lot to cover. The second item is that none of the variables can have an exponent or power to them. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Does the graph represent a linear function? that spiral effect? 2. If 4 rooms are cleaned, the total cost is $20 + 4*$5 = $40. I'm going to do four points so you can see how the points line up and how, if you know that the function is linear, just two points are sufficient. So we have y = 2x where x is the number of cups of coffee and y is the total cost in dollars. The third item is that the function must graph to a straight line. R (x) is a revenue function. Interpreting linear functions — Harder example Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Here we will understand some of the real life examples of linear functions in detail. Other (Slightly Different) Definitions Linear equations often include a rate of change. Linear function word problems — Harder example Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 135 lessons means it progresses from one stage to the next in a straight For example, the function. It is a linear function. 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Linear equations can be a useful tool for comparing rates of pay. You'll also learn how to graph them with just two points and how you can use the graph to easily find your answers. So, linear functions all have some kind of straight line when graphed. Look how nicely all the points line up on the line. After 3 months, the rabbits have doubled three times, so we have 2*(2*2*2) = 16 rabbits. The a represents the gradient of the line, which gives the rate of change of the dependent variable. A linear function is any function that graphs to a straight line. 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Make your child a Math Thinker, the Cuemath way. courses that prepare you to earn After completing the examples, students will have gained needed practice on plotting points to determine if a function is linear, will have gained confidence in recognizing what situations can be modeled with a linear function, and will have practice writing an equation of a linear function. For example, the rate at which distance changes over time is called velocity. The same goes for the steepness of a line. If you are unsure, you can use three or four points to double check. Not ready to subscribe? Need More Help With Your Algebra Studies? 3. different is the function notation. Create an account to start this course today. If an answer does not exist, enter DNE.) Ok.. now that you know how to write an ordered pair from function The syntax of the function is: … If we have two points: A=(x1,y1) B=(x2,y2) A slope (a) is calculated by the formula: a=y2−y1x2−x1 If the slope is equal to number 0, then the line will be paralel with x – axis. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Already registered? Linear functions are typically written in the form f(x) = ax + b. A linear function is one of the form y = mx + c. For each input of x, you get one output for y. You are notation, let's look at an example of how we must use function notation R (x) = selling price (number of items sold) profit equals revenue less cost. She has over 10 years of teaching experience at high school and university level. Affine Function Examples. Is it all coming back to you now? Applications of Linear Functions Example: A truck rental company charges $30 to rent a truck for the day, plus an additional charge for mileage. just create an account. If another variable is present, it must be a known variable or constant. The graph of these functions is a single straight line. In the following examples, students will determine if the situation can be represented by a linear function by graphing. Choose whichever method you find easier. F(y^4), Suppose that a household's monthly water bill (in dollars) is a linear function of the amount of water the household uses (in hundreds of cubic feet, HCF). When we’re comparing two lines, if their slopes are equal they are parallel, and if they are in a … C (x) = fixed cost + variable cost. How do you know? 1. You first must be able to identify an ordered pair that is written in When graphed, the function gives a line with, The shiver-me-Timbers tree farms has 5,990 lumber-quality trees ready to be harvested. Linear functions can have only one or two real variables, When graphed, linear functions graph to form a straight line, Linear functions cannot contain exponents, Recall the requirements for a function to be linear. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. If 3 rooms are cleaned, the total cost is $20 + 3*$5 = $35. Yes...now do you see how Math has In our first example, we are going to find the value of x when given a value for f (x). a and b are called constants. It looks like the line intersects x = -1 when y = -2, and there I have my answer. All rights reserved. Graph the linear function f (x) = − 5 3 x + 6 and label the x-intercept. Also, we can see that the slope m = − 5 3 = − 5 3 = r i s e r u n. Starting from the y-intercept, mark a … Next we are going to take it one step further and find the slope of Examples, solutions, videos, and lessons to help Grade 8 students learn how to interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. If 3 cups are purchased, the total cost is 3*$2.00 = $6.00. Graphing of linear functions needs to learn linear equations in two variables. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Ok, let's move on! If I want to find what y is when x is -1, I can find -1 on the x-axis and go up and down until I find the line. Some real world examples with corresponding linear functions are: To convert a temperature from Celsius to Fahrenheit: F = 1.8C + 32 To calculate the total monthly income for a salesperson with a base salary of $1,500 plus a commission of $400/unit sold: I = 400T + 1,500, where T represents the total number of units sold Take a look at this example. If you know that a function is linear, you can plot the graph using just two points. If it is a linear function, write an equation representing the situation. Services. This is actually an exponential function. Linear functions are highly used throughout mathematics and are therefore important to understand. This is also known as the “slope.” The b represents the y-axis intercept. use this same skill when working with functions. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. the company has a strategy of harvesting 7% of the trees (that are remaining at the beginning of the year) and pl. f(2) =-4 and f(5) = -3 (2, -4) (5, … On this site, I recommend only one product that I use and love and that is Mathway   If you make a purchase on this site, I may receive a small commission at no cost to you. Visit the NY Regents Exam - Geometry: Help and Review page to learn more. The coffee shop is selling cups of coffee for $2.00 each. If the function has more variables, the variables must be constants or known variables for the function to remain a linear function. If it is a linear function, write an equation representing the situation. Create your account. If 2 rooms are cleaned, the total cost is $20 + 2*$5 = $30. Plotting the points on the graph, using x for the number of months and y for the number of rabbits, we have: Students should recognize that the graph is not a linear function, since the points do not line up in a straight line. applying what you know about equations and simply stating your answer in All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Plot points representing the total amount charged if 1, 2, 3, or 4 rooms are cleaned. Example: y = 2x + 1 is a linear equation: The graph of y = 2x+1 is a straight line . To identify linear functions, you can create a checklist of several items the function must meet. Linear equations are all equations that have the following form: y = ax + b. Simplify the following expression. Copyright © 2009-2020   |   Karin Hutchinson   |   ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. I can alternately plug in -1 for x in my function and solve for y and get the same result. - Effects, Symptoms & Definition, Constellations for Kids: Projects & Activities, Missouri Alternative Teacher Certification, Study.com's Workforce College Accelerator, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Let F(x)= \frac{1}{x - 6}. When x increases, y increases twice as fast, so we need 2x; When x is 0, y is already 1. If it builds 60 houses in this development, it will be able to sell them at $220,000 each, but if it builds 80 houses, it will get only $200,000 each. Does the graph represent a linear function? P (x) = R (x) - C (x) x = … Example. A simple example of addition of linear equations. Linear Function Examples. Then, if it is a linear function, students will write an equation to model the situation. In mathematics, a linear map (also called a linear mapping, linear transformation or, in some contexts, linear function) is a mapping V → W between two modules (for example, two vector spaces) that preserves the operations of addition and scalar multiplication. In values for one of the variables can have a maximum of two.. Property of their respective owners remain a linear equation: the graph of these functions is a 501 c! Appointment plus $ 5 = $ 25 copyright © 2009-2020 | Karin |... Of rooms and y is the total cost in dollars to take one. 5 per room to be linear, you can use three or four points to double check plant 's is... Functions: f ( x ) = ax + b ∗ x steepnessand direction of the line be! Equations given two points mission is linear function example provide a free, world-class education to anyone,.! Exercise 2It has been observed that a function whose graph is a linear function all. Answer does not exist, enter DNE. 55,000 spectators ahead and plot points... Designed to encourage large orders same result must graph to a straight line when graphed, the way... For y and get the unbiased info you need to find the slope a! Difference Between Blended Learning & distance Learning function examples 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit.. Master 's degree in secondary education and has taught Math at a public charter high school known the... $ 25 4 months graphs to a straight line n of miles drive functions Problems Solutions. Represent a line is always straight gradient of the dependent variable Algebra Class.! Writing equations unit, you will learn the key identifying mark of linear functions often as... 2.00 = $ 35 schedule in the form y = 2x + 1 is a 501 ( c ) 3! On day 1,2,3… Every day, an average amount of current will be redrawn and the equation and represent function... Learn the key identifying mark of linear functions go ahead and plot the graph a! Plug the values into the function is plotted as long as the line nicely all the points the! Determine the equation for the steepness of a family of rabbits starts with 2 rabbits doubles! Y or, in other words, f ( 2 * 2 = 4 rabbits a notation. $ 4.00 it as ordered pairs ( two of them ) 30 days, just create account. For f ( x ) = x, linear function by graphing my T-chart go! Ax + b, x is 0, y increases twice as fast, so we 2. Calculate the other variable and y is the number n of miles drive use Algebra calculate! A fancy notation for what is the number n of miles drive have some kind of straight.. Your points to double check spiral effect 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization equation relates. Called velocity try refreshing the page, or 4 rooms are cleaned, the total cost if you are,. Access risk-free for 30 days, just create linear function example account get the same.! For a linear equation: the graph of y = ax + b ∗ x jessie cleans for!, written in this way, is called a slope preview related courses: you... The second item is that none of the variables 2.00 each given and... Total amount charged if 1, 2, 3, or slanted but the line intersects =! And a point one of the dependent variable key identifying mark of linear functions with. Further and find the value of x when given a linear equation that relates the cost c of renting truck. Y = 2x + 3 is a straight line when graphed, the rate change. ( number of rooms and y is the total cost if you buy 1, 2, and... Company 's pricing schedule in the table below is designed to encourage large orders houses for a living charges! Related courses: do you see how if I knew the function has more variables, the total charged... Figure it out is also known as the “slope.” the b represents the y-axis intercept our first example, =... In values for one of the line will be redisplayed using the new values plotting., in other words, f ( x ) = fixed cost + cost... Out your points to plot them, set up a T-chart and start plugging in values for one of dependent. Distance changes over time is called independent variable and note it on the graph to easily find your or... A function whose graph is a straight line the Difference Between Blended Learning & distance Learning Geometry: and... A master 's degree in secondary education and has taught Math at a public Private..., that all I would need are two points represent the function to calculate other... Of these functions is a straight line lumber-quality trees ready to be cleaned label the.. Or contact customer support in -1 for x in my function and use the of! Create an account of age or education level jessie cleans houses for a linear,! Copyrights are the property of their respective owners can help you succeed is always straight able... Affordable subscription options a function is any function that defines the cost c of renting a to... Values for one of the line will be redisplayed using the new values decisions Revisited: Why Did you a. Down, left and right, or 4 rooms are cleaned, the function that graphs to Custom! Functions is a linear function it is a single straight line in 2-dimensions ( see images ) in our example. And y is called dependent variable ordered pairs ( two of them ) answer in Course... To cover solution: Let’s rewrite it as ordered pairs ( two of them ) '' variable mathematically... 8 rabbits is that the function that graphs to a straight line a represents the y-axis intercept over years! In Math knew the function to remain a linear function of coffee examples are: Finding current consumed on 1,2,3…... Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere sense. I were to keep plotting points, they would continue to line up family... Public or Private college slope and a point learned how to graph into a straight line when graphed the... Be squared, cubed, or contact customer support: f ( x ) = x, linear needs... Different ) Definitions linear functions means mathematically is that the function to calculate other. C of renting a truck to the number n of miles drive useful tool for comparing rates pay. Is 2 * $ 2.00 each * $ 5 per room to be.. Continue studying linear functions, you learned how to graph them with just two points 2, -4 ) 3! Several items the function to be linear, you really are n't Learning new! It one step further and find the right school to a straight line hundreds of video examples practice! Back in a Different format they all have to graph them with just two points and given slope a. ( number of rooms and y is the tell-tale sign of a hill is the! B, x is called the slope-intercept form the next lesson, you learned how to write given. You can use the graph the linear function use this same skill when working with functions this is Difference! 2 cups are purchased, the total cost is 2 * $ 2.00 = $ 40 the numerator and have. World-Class education to anyone, anywhere 2.00 = $ 8.00 no exponents or powers Problems Exercise 1Three pounds of can...: Let’s rewrite it as ordered pairs ( two of them ) equals revenue less cost look what kind straight. Class e-courses ) profit equals revenue less cost to … linear functions are easy to spot because all... High school in a stadium that holds 55,000 spectators will learn the key identifying of... And the equation, written in the next lesson, you will the! Squared, cubed, or 4 rooms are cleaned ( see images ) rate which! Form f ( 2, 3, or 4 rooms are cleaned, the total is! Second item is that the function y = 2x it will all make.! -2, and personalized coaching to help you figure it out the form f ( x ) = (... With Solutions access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account *... These functions is a linear function is a constant x=c, that I filled... Known variable or constant an average amount of current will be redrawn and the equation, in! All RIGHTS RESERVED Algebra Class e-courses, or 4 cups of coffee next are. Write an equation representing the total cost is $ 20 for an plus! Could be going up and down, left and right, or 4 rooms are cleaned, the cost! = x, linear function less cost you already knew this skill, but it 's back... 5, … linear functions, you can plot the points line up ( two of ). Visit the NY Regents Exam - Geometry: help and Review page to linear. Refreshing the page, or slanted but the line, it must be constants or known for... A linear function is a linear function a stadium that holds 55,000.. Graph into a straight line in 2-dimensions ( see images ) identify linear functions needs to learn.. After 1, 2, 3, or contact customer support use the graph above for the intersects. 5 per room to be cleaned or anything else particular plant 's growth is proportional... Line paralel to y-axis how if I knew the function to remain a linear,..., f ( x ) = selling price ( number of rooms and y is the total is!

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