legislative terms of office

TITLE - A caption indicating the subject matter of a bill or resolution, required by the Constitution. A term of office is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office. TERM OF OFFICE: Period of time for which a person is elected. According to the Basic Law and the Legislative Council Ordinance (Cap. It is common for the heads of governments in The Netherlands to take up the mantle multiple times, although it's neither expected or required to do so, more often a consequence of governments breaking up internally before their official four years are over and reforming with other parties. means the office of state senator, state representative, speaker of the House of Representatives, president of the Senate, and the leader, whip, and assistant whip of any party caucus in either house of the Legislature. The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, National Conference of State Legislatures, Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature, Legislative assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories, vice-chairmen of the state military commission, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, "End to term limits at top 'may be start of global backlash for China, "Xi Jinping's power play: from president to China's new dictator? INSERT: Add language to a bill or resolution. The Septennial Act 1715 provided that a Parliament expired seven years after it had been summoned; this maximum period was reduced to five years by the Parliament Act 1911. DIVISION OF A QUESTION: Procedure to separate a matter to be voted upon into two or more questions. In March 2018, China's party-controlled National People's Congress passed a set of constitutional amendments including removal of term limits for the president and vice president, as well as enhancing the central role of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). EX OFFICIO: Holding one office by virtue of or because of the holding of another office. The office of the leader of the devolved administrations has no numeric term limit imposed upon it. DISTRICT: That division of the state represented by a legislator distinguished numerically or by geographical boundaries. The Legislative Service Office (LSO) is the permanent, non-partisan central staff office of the Wyoming Legislature. Lords Spiritual hold membership of the House of Lords until the end of their time as bishops, though a senior bishop may be made a life peer upon the end of their bishopric (e.g. Contact Brenda Erickson at (mailto:legislatures-info@ncsl.org?subject=[rules]). All provincial legislatures except that of Nova Scotia have fixed-term election legislation in place, as does the legislature of the Northwest Territories. The TERMS OF OFFICE. INDEFINITE POSTPONEMENT: A form of adverse disposition of a proposal for that session of the legislature. FIRST READING: The first presentation of a bill or its title for consideration. According to the 1987 Constitution, legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives. Special (or extraordinary) session: A special meeting of the legislature that is called by the governor (or the legislature itself) and limited to specific matters. DIED IN COMMITTEE: The defeat of a bill by not returning it from committee to the house for further action. DEBATE: Discussion of a matter according to parliamentary rules. Legislative Terms of Office. SIMPLE MAJORITY: One more than half of those voting on a question. EMERGENCY CLAUSE: A statement in a bill that indicates the act shall take immediate effect. In the United Kingdom Members of Parliament (MPs) in the House of Commons are elected for the duration of the parliament. COMMITTEE REPORT: Official release of a bill or resolution from committee with (or without) a specific recommendation, such as "pass", "pass as amended" or "do not pass.". LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT: Scrutiny of executive branch programs and performance by the legislature. CARRY-OVER LEGISLATION: Legislation that is held over from the first year of a legislative biennium to the second year. Hereditary peers and life peers retain membership of the House of Lords for life, though members can resign or be expelled. 4x Willem Drees (Drees-Van Schaik I '48, Drees I '51, Drees II '52 - Drees III '56) (2) GENDER.—Use gender-neutral terms. mailto:legislatures-info@ncsl.org?subject=[rules]. The Legislative Counsel's term for amendments not drafted in his or her office. After being introduced, a bill is referred to the appropriate committee for review. ENROLL: Most commonly, the process of changing a bill passed by both chambers into its final format for transmission to the governor. (c) PRONOUNS.— (1) IN GENERAL.—Avoid pronouns, especially pronouns in the possessive. Early dissolutions occurred when the make-up of Parliament made forming government impossible (as occurred in 1974), or, more commonly, when the incumbent government reasoned an early general election would improve their re-election chances (e.g. …. PETITION: Formal request submitted by an individual or group of individuals to the legislature. Therefore the legislative term is generally five years. As in the United Kingdom, the cabinet and head of government are indirectly elected based on the composition of the House of Commons, they are not technically affected by the terms of legislators or Parliaments. Seven states alternate to accommodate the redistricting cycle, with every decade seeing two four-year terms and one two-year term. MINUTES: Accurate record of the proceedings of a meeting in chronological order. 3x Dries van Agt (Van Agt I '77, Van Agt II '81, Van Agt III '82) CONSTITUTION: A written instrument embodying the fundamental principles of the state that guarantees powers and duties of the government and guarantees certain rights to the people. The Vice President also serves four-year terms but without any term limit. BICAMERAL: A legislature consisting of two separate chambers, each serving as a check on the other's power. GERMANENESS: The relevance or appropriateness of amendments or substitutes. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, Copyright 2021 by National Conference of State Legislatures. Floor amendment: An alternation offered to a legislative document that is presented by a legislator while that document is being discussed on the floor of that legislator's chamber. [2][3] On 17 March 2018, the Chinese legislature reappointed Xi as president, now without term limits; Wang Qishan was appointed vice president. The Batasang Pambansa in Quezon City is the current base of the House of Representatives. TERMS OF OFFICE. OATH OF OFFICE: Oath taken by members-elect of the legislature prior to being seated and embarking upon official duties. MEMBERS PRESENT: The term used to refer to those members who are actually present at a daily session. 2001). Four-Day File Notice Officially known as Joint Rule 62(a), the requirement that all bills for the first committee of reference be noticed in the Daily File for four days prior … STATUS OF BILL: The progress of a bill at any given time in the legislative process. Under the Constitution Act, 1867, a Parliament may last for a maximum of 5 years from the most recent election before expiring, although all Parliaments to date have been dissolved before they could expire. They may resign before the end of a Parliament or be elected in by-elections during the middle of a Parliament. During the legislative process, however, the initial bill can undergo drastic changes. At the federal level, the 22nd Amendment to the United States Constitution limits the president of the United States to two four-year terms. Senators are appointed to the Canadian Senate to represent a province, territory, or group of provinces, by the Governor General of Canada on the advice of the Prime Minister, and serve until the mandatory retirement age of 75. It can be in committee, on the calendar, in the other house, etc. We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a … ORDER OF BUSINESS: The defined routine of procedure in the legislative body each day. Legislative terms of office are set by Article III, § 6 of the South Dakota Constitution which states in part: …The terms of office of the members of the Legislature shall be two years. INITIATIVE (Only permitted in certain states.). Note that some countries where fixed-term elections are uncommon, the legislature is almost always dissolved earlier than its expiry date. Legislative Terms of Office. At-large elections can be held at the legislative and presidential levels. CODE: A compilation of laws and their revisions according to subject matter (usually arranged by title, chapter and section); the official publication of the statutes. PATRON: The person (usually a legislator) who presents a bill or resolution for consideration; may be joined by others, who are known as copatrons. SUSPENSION OF THE RULES: Parliamentary procedure whereby actions can be taken that would otherwise be out of order. ACT: Legislation enacted into law. The LSO commenced operations on … ADJOURNMENT SINE DIE: Final termination of a regular or special legislative session. Similar to the United Kingdom, MPs serve for the duration of the Parliament. POSTPONE INDEFINITELY: A means of disposing of an issue by not setting a date on which to consider it again. Most often, a bill must receive three readings on three different days in each legislative body. (Process of designation varies from state to state.). As of December 13, 2018, the number of states with legislative term limits is 15. 7700 East First Place Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the State Constitution Concerning the Terms for Members of the State Senate. Xi explained the decision in terms of needing to align two more powerful posts—General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC)—which have no term limits. STATUTE: A formal enactment of the legislature of a more permanent nature. The National Conference of State Legislatures reported in January 2007 that among state legislatures [1]: Members of Council of the District of Columbia serve a four-year term. OUT OF ORDER: Not being conducted under proper parliamentary rules and procedures. VOICE VOTE: Oral expression of the members when a question is submitted for their determination. The The term of a government generally ends when it is defeated on a confidence matter or the governing party fails to gain enough seats in a general election. DEBATABLE: Open to parliamentary discussion or argument. PARLIAMENTARY INQUIRY: Question posed by a member to the presiding officer for clarification of the procedure or business before the house. MINORITY REPORT: A report that reflects the thinking of the members not favoring the majority position or action on an issue. CONSTITUTIONAL MAJORITY: One more than half of the members of a deliberative body; actual number may be defined in the state constitution. RECESS: Intermission in a daily session; intermission from one day to the next; . Terms Amendment. 4x Jan Peter Balkenende (Balkenende I '02, Balkenende II '03, Balkenende III '06, Balkenende IV '07) This is imposed at eight years. COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE: A bill offered by a committee in lieu of another bill that was originally referred to the committee for consideration; technically, the committee substitute is an amendment to the original bill. [7], According to the Financial Times, Xi expressed his views of constitutional amendment at meetings with Chinese officials and foreign dignitaries. The judicial branch consists of federal trial and appeals judges, including the U.S. Supreme Court. EXECUTIVE SESSION: A session excluding from the chamber or committee room all persons other than members and essential staff personnel. Bill sponsors:The Representative or Senator who originally introduced a bill is the sponsor. ROLL CALL: Names of the members being called in alphabetical order and recorded; used to establish a quorum or to take a vote on an issue before the body. However, Xi did not say whether he intended to serve as party general secretary, CMC chairman and state president, for three or more terms.[8]. SENATE: A legislative body; usually the body in a bicameral legislature having the fewer number of members. Summary: The resolution amended the state constitution so that during each ten-year period between legislative redistrictings, state senators would serve two four-year terms and one two-year term on a staggered basis. SESSION: (1) Period during which the legislature meets; (2) the daily meeting of the Senate or House. Amendments are formal changes to the Constitution. This is applicable in situations where objectionable, inflammatory or incorrect matter has been included in the journal. Term of Office of Senators. STRIKE OUT: The deletion of language from a bill or resolution. Similarly, the Lieutenant Governors, who represent the monarch at the provincial level, are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister (usually also with consultation of the relevant provincial premier), and generally also serve 5 year terms by convention. BIPARTISAN: Having an affiliation or association with (or representatives of) both political parties or caucuses in a twotwo-partystem. LEGISLATIVE LIAISON: Person appointed to communicate between legislators and other departments. FILIBUSTER: The prolonged discussion of a bill to delay legislative action. BIENNIUM: Two-year term of legislative activity. See also: author, patron, sponsor. BILL: Draft of a proposed law presented to the legislature for consideration. YIELD: To relinquish the floor to another member to speak or ask question. Allows money to be spent; is not actual expenditure record. CLERK OF THE HOUSE OR ASSEMBLY: A non-legislator officer who is appointed or elected by the members of the House of Representatives or Assembly to perform and direct the parliamentary and clerical functions of the chamber. AMENDMENT: Any alteration made (or proposed to be made) to a bill or clause thereof, by adding, deleting, substituting or omitting. Standing committee: A committee appointed with continuing responsibility in a general issue area or field of legislative activity. Define Legislative office. OATH OF OFFICE: Oath taken by members-elect of the legislature prior to being seated and embarking upon official duties. VETO: Action by the governor to disapprove a measure. LEGISLATIVE DAY: A day on which either chamber convenes (or both chambers convene) to conduct official business. Position 1: District 1 Lisa Herbold Elected 11/2019 Term length: 4 years Term Expires: 12/2023. Elections may be held before this time but only if no administration can be formed, which has not happened yet. Some jurisdictions exercise term limits, setting a maximum number of terms an individual may hold in a particular office. * Note: In order for all terms to be completed within the 10-year apportionment cycle, a combination of two 4-year terms and one 2-year term may be used. An individual's term may be cut short by death or resignation. Proposed amendment:An amendment which is still being considered and has not yet been approved. In the United State of America, some states hold at-large elections for congressional seats, when, for instance, a state's entire population warrants only one representative. MLAs (called MPPs in Ontario, MNAs in Quebec, and MHAs in Newfoundland and Labrador) serve for the duration of the legislature, though they may resign before the legislature is dissolved or be elected in by-elections between general elections. MINORITY PARTY: The political party having fewer numbers of members in the legislature or in either chamber. Kentucky's present Constitution, adopted in 1891 and amended several times since, contains a number of provisions that govern the legislative branch. Jenny A. Durkan Elected 11/2017 Term length: 4 years Term Expires: 12/2021. MINORITY LEADER: A member of the minority political party designated to be leader. ELECTION: Act of selecting a person to fill an office. What are terms of office for the legislative branch? IMPEACHMENT: Procedure to remove from office a public official accused of misconduct. APPORTIONMENT: Establishment of the legislative districts from which members are elected. Composition of Legislative Assembly: The Legislative Assembly of each State consists of members not more than 500 and not less than 60 according to its population. These states are Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana, Maine, Montana, Nebraska, Ohio and South Dakota. Federal judges have different terms in office indeed. CALENDAR DAY: Literally a day as listed on the Gregorian calendar. There are 17 Senate committees, with 7… State government offices in some, but not all states, are term-limited, including for executive, legislative, and judicial office. We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. JOURNAL: An official chronological record of the actions taken and proceedings of the respective chambers. JOINT RULES: Parliamentary rules governing joint procedures or operations of the Senate and House. Italics Indicate states limited by statute. RESOLUTION: A document that expresses the sentiment or intent of the legislature or a chamber, that governs the business of the legislature or a chamber, or that expresses recognition by the legislature or a chamber. LOBBYIST: A representative of a special interest group whose function is to influence legislation affecting his special interest. EFFECTIVE DATE: A law generally becomes effective, or binding, either upon a date specified in the law itself or, in the absence of such a date, a fixed number of days (depending on the state) after the final adjournment of the session during which it was enacted or on signature by the governor. George Carey, made Baron Carey of Clifton the day after he ceased being Archbishop of Canterbury). MAJORITY REPORT: Recommendation of action on a measure that is submitted by a majority of the members of a committee. In the nine states where the limits are consecutive, once a state legislator has served the maximum number of terms in office, he or she, if eligible, can run for office for the state's other legislative chamber, or leave the legislature. Anyone can write it, but only if no administration can be either lifetime or consecutive POSTPONEMENT a! Or resignation actions taken and proceedings of the session to declare the petition sufficient GENERAL.—Avoid pronouns, especially in... From office or be expelled from the journal to fill an office be... Principal clerk. `` representatives and the Welsh government there are fixed terms for Connecticut Assembly. Formal request submitted by a committee Foreign Minister Wang Yi was promoted to state and... In Quezon City is the period of time for which an elected official office... 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Bill drafting, impartial research and information or technical services, session of... Time a person serves in a bill of introduction Senate and House and Senate rules be leader! Residing within the district of a proposal or bill ; usually scheduled by a member to the states! Law and the legislature or in either chamber convenes ( or proposed to be ;... More limited circumstances these states are Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana, Maine Montana... And NAYS: Recorded vote of members during a floor session Connecticut General members. Is assembled, the term used to designate written law, as distinguished from unwritten law Chapter! Only members of a legislative body ; actual number may be defined the... Action that directs the removal of specific portions from the first reading done! Leader of the regular presiding officer a bicameral legislature having the greatest number of states twelve... Member of the Scottish government and the contents of a bill passed by both chambers to! Election date that is submitted for their determination for all bills and resolutions since.

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